Angeletti, F., Musholt, P. B. & Musholt, T. J. Continuous Intraoperative Neuromonitoring in Thyroid Surgery. Surg Technol Int 27, 79–85 (2015).            
Isley, M. R. The Neurodiagnostic Jurnal: Current Trends in Pedicle Screw Stimulation Techniques: Lumbosacral, Thoracic, and Cervical Levels (2012)            
A. Mangano et al „Evidence-based analysis on the clinical impact of intraoperative neuromonitoring in throid surgery: State of the art and future perspectives“, Surg Technol Int. S. 91-96 (2014)            
Aage R. Møller, Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring, 2nd ed. Totowa, N.J: Humana Press, S. 205-206 (2006)            
Angeletti, F., Musholt, P. B. & Musholt, T. J. Continuous Intraoperative Neuromonitoring in Thyroid Surgery. Surg Technol Int 27, 79–85 (2015).            
B. Oexmann und M. Wienzek, „Medizinrecht: Diagnostik und Therapie der Schilddrüsenerkrankung; Komplikationen bei der Schilddrüsenoperation (Strumaresektion/Strumektomie): Recurrensparese (Stimmbandlähmung) und Stridor in der Artzhaftung“, (2006)            
Bova, R.; Saylor, A.; Coman, W. B. Parotidectomy: review of treatment and outcomes: ANZ journal of surgery. S. 563 – 568 (2004)            
Branston, N. M., Symon, L., Crockard, H. A. & Pasztor, E. Relationship between the cortical evoked potential and local cortical blood flow following acute middle cerebral artery occlusion in the baboon. Exp. Neurol. 45, 195–208 (1974).            
Buhr, H. J. & Mann, B. Operationskurs Schilddrüse, Pathophysiologie und operative Technik, S. 1 (1998)            
Cambria, R. P. et al. A multicenter clinical trial of endovascular stent graft repair of acute catastrophes of the descending thoracic aorta. J. Vasc. Surg. 50, 1255–1264.e4 (2009).            
Clapcich, A. J. et al. The Effects of Propofol, Small-Dose Isoflurane, and Nitrous Oxide on Cortical Somatosensory Evoked Potential and Bispectral Index Monitoring in Adolescents Undergoing Spinal Fusion:  Anesthesia & Analgesia, (2004)             
Deletis, V. & Sala, F. Corticospinal tract monitoring with D- and I- waves from the spinal cord and muscle MEPs from limb muscles. in Intraoperative Monitoring of Neural Function - Handbook of Clinical Neurophysiology 8, 235–251 (2008).            
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Allgmein- und Viszeralchirurgie et al. Operative Therapie benigner Schilddrüsenerkrankungen: AWMF online. Available at: (Accessed: 16.08.2017) 
DGAV: Bericht zum Krebsgeschehen in Deutschland 2016, Hrsg. Robert Koch Institut, Available at: S. 95.96 (Accessed: 20th July 2018)            
DGAV: Operative Therapie benigner Schilddrüsenerkrankungen (2015), Available at: (Acessed: 20th July 2018)            
Genstorfer, J. et al. Evozierte Potentiale in der Aortenchirurgie. Z. Für Herz- Thoray- Gesäßchirurgie 16, 149–155 (2005).            
H. Dralle et al. „Intraoperatives Neuromonitoring in der Schilddrüsenchirurgie: Empfehlungen der Chirurgischen Arbeitsgemeinschaft Endokrinologie“, Der Chirurg 84, Nr. 12 (2013)            
Hartert, M. et al. Klinische Anwendung evozierter Potentiale und neuroprotektiver Maßnahmen in der Aortenchirurgie. Z. Für Herz- Thoray- Gesäßchirurgie 19, 239–251 (2005).            
Hörmann R. Schilddrüsenkrankheiten, Leitfaden für Praxis und Klinik (2005)            
Hotze, A. & Schumm-Draeger P. Schilddrüsenkrankheiten, Diagnose und Therapie, S. 149 (2003)            
Isley, M. R. The Neurodiagnostic Jurnal: Current Trends in Pedicle Screw Stimulation Techniques: Lumbosacral, Thoracic, and Cervical Levels (2012)            
Kauff, D. W. et al. Evaluation of two-dimensional intraoperative neuromonitoring for predicting urinary and anorectal function after rectal cancer surgery. Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 28, 659–664 (2013).            
Kauff, D. W., Lang, H. & Kneist, W. Risk Factor Analysis for Newly Developed Urogenital Dysfunction after Total Mesorectal Excision and Impact of Pelvic Intraoperative Neuromonitoring?a Prospective 2-Year Follow-Up Study. J. Gastrointest. Surg. 21, 1038–1047 (2017).            
Kaye A. D. et al. Principles of Neurophysiological Assessment, Mapping and Monitoring: Clear and comprehensive coverage of clinically relevant anatomy and physiology (2014)            
Kneist, W. et al. Intraoperative Monitoring of Bladder and Internal Anal Sphincter Innervation: A Predictor of Erectile Function following Low Anterior Rectal Resection for Rectal Cancer? Results of a Prospective Clinical Study. Dig. Surg. 30, 459–465 (2013).            
Kneist, W., Heintz, A. & Junginger, T. Major urinary dysfunction after mesorectal excision for rectal carcinoma. Br. J. Surg. 92, 230–234 (2005).            
Kneist, W., Kauff, D. W., Juhre, V., Hoffmann, K. P. & Lang, H. Is intraoperative neuromonitoring associated with better functional outcome in patients undergoing open TME? Eur. J. Surg. Oncol. EJSO 39, 994–999 (2013).            
Kneist, W., Kauff, D. W., Naumann, G. & Lang, H. Resection rectopexy—laparoscopic neuromapping reveals neurogenic pathways to the lower segment of the rectum: preliminary results. Langenbecks Arch. Surg. 398, 565–570 (2013).            
Kneist, W., Stelzner, S., Hanke, L. I. & Wedel, T. Inferior rectal plexus is no longer isolated in no man’s land: An encouraging outlook with TaTME. coloproctology 39, 85–87 (2017).            
Lam, A. M., Manninen, P. H., Ferguson, G. G. & Nantau, W. Monitoring electrophysiologic function during carotid endarterectomy: a comparison of somatosensory evoked potentials and conventional electroencephalogram. Anesthesiology 75, 15–21 (1991).            
Leitlinie- Neuromonitoring in der Kardioanästhesie - Carotis-TEA.pdf. (2014).            
Lent, V. & Junginger, T. Nervenstörungen der Harnblasenund Sexualfunktionen nach Rektumresektionen und -exstirpationen. Chir. Allg. 257–261 (2011).            
Mangano, A. et al. Evidence-based analysis on the clinical impact of intraoperative neuromonitoring in throid surgery: State of the art and future perspectives. Surg Technol Int 25, 91–6 (2014).            
Martin, W. H. & Stecker, M. M. ASNM Position Statement: Intraoperative Monitoring of Auditory Evoked Potentials. J. Clin. Monit. Comput. 22, 75–85 (2008).            
Neumann, HJ, Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve and microdissection. Surgical techniques for decreasing the risk of recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis.

PMID:    10911605 Laryngorhinootologie. 2000 May;79(5):290-6. German.

Nuwer, M. Handbook of Clinical Neurophysiology, Volume 8, Intraoperative Monitoring of neural Function, Chapter 25, Intraoperative facial nerve monitoring (2008)            
Operative Therapie benigner Schilddrüsenerkrankungen. Available at: (Accessed: 28th July 2017)            
Raabe, A., Beck, J., Schucht, P. & Seidel, K. Continuous dynamic mapping of the corticospinal tract during surgery of motor eloquent brain tumors: evaluation of a new method: Clinical article. J. Neurosurg. 120, 1015–1024 (2014).            
Randolph, G. W. Surgery of the Thyroid and Parathyroid Gland, 2nd edition (2013)            
Sala, F. et al. Motor Evoked Potential Monitoring Improves Outcome after Surgery for Intramedullary Spinal Cord Tumors: A Historical Control Study: Neurosurgery 58, 1129–1143 (2006).            
Sarnthein, J. et al. Intraoperatives neurophysiologisches Monitoring verbessert das Outcome in der Neurochirurgie (2012)            
Sloan, T. B. et al. IOM Symposium New York - University of Texas Health Science Center: Effects Of Physiology And Anesthesia On Evoked Potentials (2006)            
Spiegel Online, Ohrspeicheldrüsenkrebs: Selten, aber tükisch (2013) Available at: (Accessed: 20th July 2017)            
Stöhr, M. et al. Neuromonitoring (1999)            

Thomusch O, Sekulla C, Machens A, Neumann HJ, Timmermann W, Dralle H. Validity of intra-operative neuromonitoring signals in thyroid surgery.
PMID:   14722777. Langenbecks Arch Surg. 2004 Nov;389(6):499-503. Epub 2004 Jan 13.


Timmermann W, Hamelmann WH, Thomusch O, Sekulla C, Grond S, Neumann HJ, Kruse E, Mühlig HP, Richter C, Voss J, Dralle H. Effectiveness and results of intraoperative neuromonitoring in thyroid surgery. Statement of the Interdisciplinary Study Group on Intraoperative Neuromonitoring of Thyroid Surgery
PMID:    15168032. Chirurg. 2004 Sep;75(9):916-22. German.

Ulkatan S. et al. Monitoring of Scoliosis Surgery with Epidurally Recorded Motor Evoked Potentials (D Wave) Revealed False Results, Clinical Neurophysiology 117, Nr. 9 (2006)             
Yingling, C. „Selective dorsal rhizotomy“, Handbook of Clinical Neurophysiology 8; S. 439–454 (2008)            
Zenner, H. Praktische Therapie von Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Krankheiten: Operationsprinzipien, konservative Therapie, Chemo- und Radiochemotherapie (2008)            
Wir benutzen Cookies

Wir nutzen Cookies auf unserer Website. Einige von ihnen sind essenziell für den Betrieb der Seite, während andere uns helfen, diese Website und die Nutzererfahrung zu verbessern (Tracking Cookies). Sie können selbst entscheiden, ob Sie die Cookies zulassen möchten. Bitte beachten Sie, dass bei einer Ablehnung womöglich nicht mehr alle Funktionalitäten der Seite zur Verfügung stehen.